PRODUCTION OF TULIP
Tulip, Tulipa spp (Liliaceae) is native to the regions of Asia Minor, Kazakhstan, Turkestan, Afghanistan and China. There are over 100 species and thousands of hybrids named. Most hybrids are species tulip Gesneriana (botanist Gesner 1516-1565). The first tulips arrived in Europe in 1562, the port of Antwerp from Istanbul, Turkia who received them thinking they were the cooked onions. In 1590 already known in Switzerland, Austria, Germany, France and England. In 1634 a real anger at the price of tulip and a bulb was released it reached the value of 5,200 guilder (currency of the Netherlands) where the income of a trader was 3000 Guilder year. The three famous painter Rembrandt paint paints tulips with his wife as a goddess of spring flower.
Tulip today remains one of the most prized flowers and widely court. In Mexico it was a flower for most of the year was imported from Holland and only during the period of December to early March comes from local crops, as these months are the coldest in the center of the republic, allowing growing in soil in greenhouses and tunnels. To produce tulip flowers all year round special processing that begins with treatments from harvest bulb in the Netherlands and Chile, countries supplying tulip bulbs needed.
Growing tulip type "Forcing" replacing imports of flower.
As mentioned above, its origin is from places with severe winters several months with temperatures below zero degrees Celsius, causing it to bloom in spring. This phenomenon of winter have to give artificially, ie temperatures below 0 ° C in a freezer facilities with specific controls temperature and relative humidity.
In Cia. Imported Bulbs Flowers in Villa Guerrero and Viveros El Volcan SA de CV Coatepec Flours refrigeration beds were installed with the appropriate specifications. This allows us to deliver boxes planted bulbs 96 or 88 people interested in producing tulip flower in their own greenhouses.
Black plastic boxes with 96 or 88 tulip bulbs were planted in peatmoss (peat) and coverage tepojal (Pomis ground stone), and the pH adjusted to the proper root development. Upon receiving these frozen boxes must be handled with care and never put them in a cool place in full sun to thaw for 24 hours. The greenhouse or tunnel should be somewhere cool and airy as much as possible. At noon the maximum temperature should not exceed 20 ° C. The use of shadow on the plastic mesh is recommended to maintain low temperatures. The use of fans is recommended for continuous airflow keeping dry leaves and flower stalks. Tulip boxes should raise the floor on cement blocks or tables with mesh, ensuring good drainage. Once thawed and placed in your site proceeds to the first irrigation (with hose and a shower (Onion) this to smooth the flow of water and do not uncover the bulbs. Irrigate with enough water until they start to drip down box.'s total crop time varies according to varieties, from the most precocious 14 days maximum 22 days. on day 3 and 6 of this very short period, fertilization via irrigation is applied. Considering the such a short cycle, the problem of diseases caused by bacteria or fungus is minimal and highly controllable and insects.
Harvesting is done when the button is just beginning to have the color tone of the variety. It is recommended to harvest twice a day as they open very fast.
Anyone interested in starting this noble culture, Imported Bulbs Flowers, SA. DE CV and Viveros El Volcan SA de CV devote the time needed for a week with broader expertise and practical experience based on literature, all to ensure success in this crop.
Ille de france
These are the varieties already tested, typical for this specific crop.